Search This Blog


Thursday, 6 October 2011

Did you know series (5): 1000 rupee notes; Classification and valuation by the period when they were printed and their issue numbers .

Did you know series (5)
Classification and valuation of   1000 rupee notes by the period when they were printed
and their issue numbers

Most of us are familiar with Indian currency notes of various denominations, and have even spent 1000 rupee notes while making payments for our expenses. In fact, given the high levels of inflation battering our home budgets, a 1000 rupee note is being spent by us, the Indian consumers, like a 100 rupee note was being spent at the beginning of the 21st century.  With most of the money being earned by us getting used up towards meeting the household budget. 

We  hear stories about some lucky collectors who are in possession of a  packet of currency notes which was  issued in the  1960s or 1970s or in the early 1900s and which  have a lot of  value today , we just say,lucky guy, his grandfather must have saved it for him. In fact, a few months ago, there was a story that a 1 rupee packet issued under the signature of the then Finance Secretary S. Bhoothalingam in 1964 which was worth Rs.30.00 lacs (approx.) got lost in transit. It was like losing a two bedroom house in Pune, where I live!!

Nevertheless, you can begin your Note collection today and who knows, maybe some day we may read your name in the papers as someone who made a fortune by selling his/her notes which were collected 20 or 30 years ago. 

To begin with, have you ever looked at the serial numbers of the 1000 rupee notes (I will be covering other denomination of Indian currency notes in subsequent blog posts). They have a story to tell all by themselves, about who issued them, when were they issued, and whether they are uncirculated and in brand new condition (more collector value) or are worn out and mutilated with use (soiled – less collector value) Over a period of time, these notes grow in value, which is why Currency note collectors pay large premiums to acquire them for their collection. Interested in finding out more? Then read on:

I am going to start with the 1000 rupee currency notes issued in the last decade or so (since October 2000) ,and go back to the historical data mainly for reference purposes.

The first 1000 rupee notes issued in the current Mahatma Gandhi series were issued during the tenure of Dr. Bimal Jalan, (RBI Governor from 22.11.1997 to 05.09.2003) in October 2000. There were two variants found in the serial numbers “Plain Inset” or “A” Inset in the notes issued during his period from October 2000 to September 2003 , however, no year was mentioned on the reverse of these Notes. 

If one has an uncirculated 1000 rupee note from this period , for a collector ,the value of each note  would be between Rs. 1500/- and Rs. 2000/- (approx). The price of soiled and circulated notes would decrease substantially. Therefore, it is important to look out for an uncirculated Note, for one’s collection, for it to gain substantially in value.

 Remember, that with the passage of time, the value of the older notes increases, particularly if they were signed by earlier RBI Governors and they are fast getting out of present day circulation or have already gone out of circulation. You do not find ATMs or Bank Tellers dispensing uncirculated 1000 rupee notes signed by Dr. Bimal Jalan today, but if you do come across one such note, you have to decide whether to spend it or keep it in your collection.

What is a “Plain Inset” or a “Lettered Inset” will be clear from the pictures of some 1000 rupee notes which I have in my collection issued under the signatures of Dr. Y.V.Reddy (RBI Governor from 06.09.2003 to 05.09.2008).

The above is a 1000 Rupee Note issued under Dr. Y.V. Reddy’s signature. If you will look at the serial number of the Note ‘8CD’ is the Prefix, the serial No. is ‘819675’. There is no letter of the alphabet mentioned in the background of the serial number. (This aspect will be made amply clear from the currency note image given below).  Hence, this note is said to have been issued with a “Plain Inset”.

The reverse of the above note has the year 2007 mentioned on it, indicating the year of issue. “Plain Inset” currency Notes issued under the signatures of Dr. Reddy were issued in 2003/2004 (where the years are not mentioned on the obverse), 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008. 

Take a look at this Note.  The Prefix of the Note is ‘4AW’, the serial No. is 245096. There is the alphabet “R” in the background of the serial number. This is a specimen of an “R Inset”.

 The above is the back  of the above “R Inset” note issued in 2006.  


 The Front & Back of a Rs.1000 Banknote having an "R" Inset issued under Dr. Y.V.Reddy's signatures during 2007.

These Notes with Dr. Reddy’s signatures were also issued in 2005 and 2008, with the years of issue mentioned on the reverse.

 The above note is issued with an “L”inset in 2007. The letter ‘L’ is in the background of the serial number.
Scan 8

Reverse image of the above “L” inset note which was issued in 2007. Currency Notes with an ‘L’ Inset were also issued in 2006 and 2008 under Dr.Reddy’s signatures.

The value of all these Notes issued under Dr.Reddy’s signatures today would be around 1200/- (for the later issues) to about Rs.1500/- or Rs. 1600/- for the earlier issues. Check out these Notes while taking payment at ATMs or Bank Branches. You may still come across some uncirculated issues.
The most frequently seen/used 1000 Rupee Notes today are issued under the signatures of Dr. D.Subbarao, (RBI Governor from 05.09.2008 – present day).

Obverse of a “Plain Inset” issue in 2009 under the signatures of Dr.D.Subbarao. 

Reverse of the above note issued in 2009. Notice the year “2009’ mentioned below the pictures on the note.

Reverse of a Plain inset Note issued in 2010

Plain Inset notes were also issued in 2008 and 2011 under Dr. Subbarao’s signatures with the year mentioned on the reverse side.


Obverse of an “R” Inset Note issued in 2009 under Dr.Subbarao’s signatures.

Reverse of the above “R” Inset Note showing the year of issue 2009.

 Obverse of an “R” Inset Note issued in 2012 under Dr.Subbarao’s signatures. This Note also exhibits a Rupee symbol.

Reverse of the above “R” Inset Note showing the year of issue 2012. The Rupee symbol also appears on this face.
Banknotes having "R" Insets were also issued during 2010, 2011 & 2013.

   Obverse of an “L” Inset Note issued in 2010.

 Reverse of the above note, showing the year of issue 2010.

 Obverse of an “L” Inset Note issued in 2011.

 Reverse of the above Note showing the year of issue 2011.

“L” Inset 1000 rupee notes were also issued in 2009, 2012 & 2013.
The value of all the above Notes in uncirculated condition can range between Rs.1100/- to Rs.1200/- for the later ones and Rs.1200/- to Rs.1300/- for the earlier ones for collectors. 

(Note: The values mentioned here are indicative and may vary as per a Collector’s requirement and assessment)

The above is an image of a Rs.1000/- note issued with the rupee symbol in 2011. Notice that the serial number of the Note is of the "0AA" series, indicating that this is among the first few Notes issued with the Rupee symbol in its design. The rupee symbol appears twice before the "1000" numeral on this face. 

An image of the back of the above Note,again having the rupee symbol in two places on the top side before the numeral "1000". The "1000" numeral on the lower left hand side does not have the rupee symbol before it.

Take a look at this Rs.1000/- note with an "L" Inset. It does not have the rupee symbol, although it has been issued in 2012, i.e. after the issues of the Rs.1000/- note in 2011 with the rupee symbol. This indicates, that both styles of Notes are being printed simultaneously and this Note would be a Collector's item being one of the last few Notes to be issued in this style.

 The Back of the above Note, showing the year of issue as "2012", but there is no Rupee symbol on the back as well.

Posted on 22.08.13:

A Rs.1000/- Banknote with an "R" Inset issued in 2012. 

The Back of the above Banknote showing the year of issue as 2012.

Posted on 28.09.13:

 A Rs.1000/- Banknote with a Plain Inset issued in 2013. 

The Back of the above Banknote showing the year of issue as 2013.

One thousand rupee Notes which are not in circulation now:

One thousand rupee notes were first issued under the signature of B. Rama Rau (RBI Governor from 01.07.1949 to 14.01.1957) on 1st April 1954, with the reverse showing the Brihadeeswarar temple design (Please see my post  “Celebrating 1000 years of Brihadeeswarar temple” at the following Link: These note issues at various points during his tenure are valued at between Rs.60,000/- and Rs.1.20 lacs (approx) for uncirculated notes.  Later, these notes were also issued during the tenures of other RBI Governors, for example, H.V.R Iyengar (RBI Governor from  01.01.1957 to 28.02.1962) notes valued at about Rs.5.00 lacs , P.C.Bhattacharya (RBI Governor from 01.03.1962 to 30.06.1967) notes valued at about Rs.1.00 lacs, N.C. Sengupta (RBI Governor from 19.05.1975 to 19.08.1975) and K.R. Puri (RBI Governor from 20.08.1975 to 02.05.1977) notes valued at Rs.25,000/- to Rs.30,000/- All these notes were demonetized in 1975 itself, during the early part of Mr. Puri’s tenure as RBI Governor).

A few tips for newbie currency Note collectors of all denominations:

1)   Only some Notes pick up great value, like the 1 rupee packet issued under the signature of the then Finance Secretary S. Bhoothalingam in 1964 which was worth Rs.30.00 lacs (approx.) Chances are that other currency notes signed by him may not appreciate in the same proportion. It all depends on the number of notes issued in a particular series as well as the availability of such notes for collectors

2)   As mentioned above, collectors are not only interested in currency notes which have gone out of circulation, but also, those which are currently in use, particularly, if they have some special feature say for example a “fancy” series number  eg: 999999.or 123456 or a collector’s birthdate or wedding date number  termed as “memorable dates”etc. 
   Some near misses:
Take a look at these two Banknotes which have come into my possession both issued with "L" insets, one in 2011 & the other in 2013. In both these banknotes a songle digit "0" has prevented these banknotes from becoming Fancy number Banknotes.

3)   The name of the RBI Governor and the tenure for which he was in office is very important, because, if his tenure was short, lesser number of notes would be in circulation adding to their collector’s value.

4)   You may come across an error note, though quite rarely. These notes are normally destroyed, but due to omissions at the concerned Currency Printing Press, they find their way into general circulation. These notes acquire great value for collectors. 

5)   Take a look at the obverse side image of a one-rupee currency Note in my collection which has come down into my collection from my father-in-law signed by the then Finance Secretary S.Venkatiramanan, issued in 1985. The value of this note would depend on an individual collector’s “need to possess” basis, but would be definitely more than uncirculated notes of the same period and denomination.

6)   Sometimes, a note is misprinted at the Security Printing Press and has to be replaced. The Printing Press, inserts a “Star” sign in between the prefix and the serial number of the note. Such notes are picked up by collectors as soon as they are released for general circulation and one may not come across such a note in circulation. Nevertheless, these notes acquire much more value than the denominations that they represent.

7)   Complete and uncirculated packets of currency notes whether stapled or loose, with original paper bands have great Collector interest. For example, I have a 2 rupee packet signed by RBI Governor S. Venkatiramanan (RBI Governor from 22.12.1990 to 21.12.1992) for which I have been offered Rs.3500/- by a collector. However the packet is an integral part of my collection.

8)   “Mint fresh” or uncirculated Notes preserved in the same condition have greater value than soiled/circulated/creased notes.

9) The Reserve Bank of India destroys several million pieces of soiled currency notes of various denominations every year (i.e. Rs.1000/-, Rs.500/-, Rs.100/-, Rs.50/-,Rs.20/-, Rs.10/- and upto Rs.5/- categories). For example, during 2010-11, RBI destroyed an aggregate of 13,852 million pieces of various denominations. This results in adding more value to the notes in Collectors’ possession with the passage of time.

      Posted on 23.01.2014:

Reserve Bank of India has now decided to withdraw all currency notes issued prior to 2005, without specifically mentioning that these Banknotes will cease to be legal tender. From April 2014 all Banks will accept and exchange pre-2005 Banknotes. These Banknotes are easily identified by the absence of the year of printing on the Back of the Note. RBI estimates that the maximum number of fake currency Banknotes are from the period prior to 2005. From 01.07.2014, to exchange more than 10 pieces of Rs.500/- and Rs.1000/- banknotes, non-customers will have to furnish identity and address proof to the Bank Branch.  However, it is expected that later on RBI will issue a communication advising users the final date upto which Banknotes prior to 2005 will be accepted by the Bank. 

Therefore, please start examining the year of issue"at the back of the currency Notes passing through your hands, so as not to face the inconvenience of going to a Bank Branch for returning the currency issued prior to 2005.

While this is a welcome step, RBI needs to have a policy in place to take the remaining counterfeit Banknotes issued after 2005, like changing/revamping the Front and Back designs, adding more effective security features etc. so as not to put users at risk of accepting counterfeit currency Banknotes.

   Posted on 03.03.2014:   

   The Reserve Bank of India has extended the date for exchanging the pre-2005 banknotes to January 01, 2015. It has also advised banks to facilitate the exchange of these notes for full value and without causing any inconvenience whatsoever to the public.

  RBI has further clarified that the public can continue to freely use these notes for any transaction and can unhesitatingly receive these notes in payment, as all such notes continue to remain legal tender till that date.
    Posted on 30.06.2014:
     Sumita has just returned from a trip to Leh, Ladakh and Srinagar. While rifling through her purse, I happened to discover this Rs.1000/-  Banknote which was dispensed by a State Bank ATM on Main Street Leh. This is my first acquisition of a Rs.1000/- Banknote signed by the present RBI Governor, Raghuram G. Rajan:  

     The Front of the Banknote signed by Raghuram G.Rajan bearing an "L" Inset issued in 2014.      

        The Back of the above Banknote issued in 2014.
     Posted on 21.09.14:
     Today I have received a Rs. 1000/- Banknote signed by Raghuram G. Rajan, RBI Governor, which has been issued with a Plain Inset in 2014.     

     The Front of the Banknote signed by Raghuram G.Rajan bearing a "Plain" Inset issued in 2014.     
The Back of the above Banknote showing the year of issue as 2014.
  Posted on 31.12.2014:
   The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has extended the deadline for turning in pre-2005 Banknotes to 30.06.2015. These Banknotes would be treated as legal tender upto this period, but RBI would destroy them as and when they come into Bank branches. 
  RBI has sought the general public’s cooperation and urged them to deposit the old design Banknotes in their Bank accounts or exchange them at a bank branch convenient to them. 

RBI has further mentioned that the Banknotes can be exchanged for their full value till this date. Check out all your Banknotes and deposit all such Banknotes  (i.e. without the year of issue printed at the back) at convenient Bank branches before the scheduled date.


      Posted on 16.03.2015:
   Today I got a Rs.1000/- banknote from an ATM withdrawal signed by RBI Governor Raghuram G. Rajan  issued during 2014 with an "R" Inset:
   The Front of the Banknote signed by Raghuram G.Rajan bearing an "R" Inset issued in 2014. 
  The Back of the above Banknote showing the year of issue as 2014.
   Posted on 26.06.2015:

     The Reserve Bank of India has extended the date for the public to exchange their pre-2005 banknotes till December 31, 2015. It had, in December 2014, set the last date for public to exchange these notes as June 30, 2015.

   Soliciting cooperation from members of public in withdrawing these banknotes from circulation, the Reserve Bank of India has urged them to deposit the old design notes in their bank accounts or exchange them at a bank branch convenient to them.     
   The Reserve Bank has further  stated that the notes can be exchanged for their full value. It has also clarified that all such notes continue to remain legal tender.
   Posted on 02.10.2015: 

    On 24.09.2015, Reserve Bank of India (RBI)  has notified that Banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi series 2005 are being issued with a new numbering pattern and special features for the visually challenged persons in the denominations of Rs.100/-, Rs.500/- and Rs.1000/-.

   These new design Banknotes will contain a new numbering pattern in which the numerals in both the number panels will ascend in size from left to right, while the first three alphanumeric characters (prefix) will remain constant in size. Printing of the numerals in ascending sizes (also called exploding font) is a visible security feature in the Banknotes so that users can easily distinguish counterfeits from genuine Banknotes.
  Special features have been included for the visually challenged persons in order to make it easier for them to identify different denominations of Banknotes:
   The size of the identification mark in Rs.100/- (triangle), Rs.500/-(circle) and Rs.1000/- (diamond) denominations has been increased by 50 per cent and angular “bleed lines” – 4 lines in 2 blocks in Rs.100/-, 5 lines in 3 blocks in Rs.500 (2-1-2) and 6 lines in Rs.1000/- (1-2-2-1) denominations have been introduced. (All these lines will be printed using intaglio printing – which is a state–of–the–art technology in which the security paper is perforated and printing ink is incised into the paper). Visually challenged persons will be able to feel these lines more easily so as to recognise the denomination/value of these Banknotes and easily distinguish between fake and genuine Banknotes. 
I         Ilustrations of Rs.500/- and Rs. 1000/- Banknotes with the new designs and explanation.

    The design of Banknotes of these 3 denominations is similar in all respects to the earlier issues of the Mahatma Gandhi 2005 Series.

    RBI has further advised that all the Banknotes in these denominations issued by RBI earlier will continue to be legal tender except those printed brior to 2005 which cease to be legal tender wef 31.12.2015.

    In addition to these security features these Banknotes will have moving images and colour variations with distinct contrasts visible to the naked eye when tilted at different angles, while some security features will be invisible to the naked eye and be only machine readable.

   These Banknotes will strengthen the recently introduced Banknotes on an experimental basis where Rs.100/- and Rs.500/- Banknotes have been issued for general circulation with numerals in ascending size from left to right in the number panels but without the bleed lines.

    These measures are being taken so as to raise the bar for counterfeiters and make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to print fake Indian Currency Banknotes.

       Posted on 03.10.2015:  
    Today I acquired a Rs.1000/- banknote from a vendor, signed by RBI Governor Raghuram G. Rajan  issued during 2015 with a "Plain" Inset:  

The Front of the Banknote signed by Raghuram G.Rajan bearing a "Plain" Inset issued in 2015.   
The Back of the above Banknote showing the year of issue as 2015.


  1. sir , i have a 1000 rs note by governor bimal jalan. With JAV 807J64 and letter A in the back. Sir dose it have value? And on year written.

  2. Hi Pankaj,

    Your currency note has an "A" Inset and "JAV" is the prefix. No years were mentioned at the back of the Notes during Dr. Jalan's tenure. I have mentioned the approx. value of the notes issued in his tenure in the post above, depending on the condition of the Note and Buyer's requirement. For a present day valuation, you could check up on e-bay or similar auction sites.

  3. Hi Pankaj,

    I have a 2011 year Rs. 1000 Note with the new 2EW 690000 with L inset. Could you tell its present valuation.. Regards

  4. I am travelling and will be back in January 2013 first week. Will try and address your query on return to Pune. By the way, I hope you are addressing me and not looking for a reply from "Pankaj". Rajeev Prasad

  5. I have read the article about 1 rupee note of 1985 signed by S.Venkatiramanan .
    I also bear few notes of same time.
    I am ready to sell those if i will get unique value.
    Interested can contact undersigned.
    Umesh Tyagi . Contact No. 9810751182 (Delhi).

  6. I have a strange note of 100rupee
    9GW J 000000
    Anokha hai na
    kya ye posibl hai serise
    Amol chourasia
    09300245796 (m.p.)

  7. Hi Amol,
    This seems to be a rare printing error. There are two possibilities - this Banknote got printed at the start of the Series through error or after "999999" the next number should be "1000000" but perhaps the "1" got omitted . In any case, your note qualifies as a rare Fancy number Note. You could discover its true value on a site like ebay.

  8. Hi,

    I HAVE A Rs 1000 note with series 9DU 080484 Plain inset signed by Subba Rao. Does it have any value

  9. If it was an earlier year of his tenure as RBI Governor, it may have some value but you will have to wait for a few years to get more value.

  10. Sukriti Chowdhury has commented on 01.07.14:
    "Great job. Getting to know so many new things".

    1. Thank you, Sukriti. Its a very fascinating hobby, when one gets involved.

    2. Sukriti Chowdhury has commented on 01.07.14:
      "u should try to publish some book because the topic has been very rare. Great source of information for historians".

    3. Nice suggestion. Will give it a serious thought.

  11. I have 1000 rupee with inset R of year 2011 one with new rupee symbol and another with no rupee symbol.

  12. I have an error 1000 rs note. Can I send you an email with pictures to get a value ??

    1. You can send me an image on my email. As I am not buying or selling Banknotes of any denomination, I am not very good at error note valuations, but I will do some research on your Banknote and try & arrive at a fair value assessment.


  13. i have 1000rs temple note governer sengupta sing.if u want plz mail me

    1. Thank you. I already have one of these banknotes. However, if any guest to the blog is interested, they may get in touch with you.

  14. Hello Sir,

    I have around 2500 old currencies which were used in and before 2nd World War and few Swords which were gifted to my grandpa by many kings. I do have stamps which are bigger and to the size of a A4 sheet. I know it worth around bigger value. I am looking for a buyer who is ready to get it. And also I would like to keep my info private as it the worth crosses over crores.

    Suggest me a best way to sell those.

    Guna... Tamil Nadu

    1. Amazing collection indeed from what you have mentioned. I'm not too sure as to how you could dispose of the entire collection at one go. Perhaps you could get in touch with a reputed Auction House.

    2. Thanks for the advise in prompt manner !!!
      It would be great if you suggest some Auction House peoples or thier contact info. The thing is I am getting offers from US - I dont want to sell our privilege to Foreign.


    3. I do not have any experience of Auction Houses, but in the last exhibition on coins & currency notes which I attended in January this year at Pune, I came across some stalls of auction houses dealing in Ancient Indian and modern coins, including British period. Some of the names which I fished out from the pamphlets in my study room are - Bhargava Auctions (website: ) , oswalauctions (, Rajgor's auctions (, Kohinoor Auctions ( Perhaps these could be of some help to you.

  15. don't sell it to anyone. You will get dust. This auction house buy at cheaper rate sell at higher price. so you will be dommed.

    1. Nice of you to share your experiences for readers/visitors on this blog.

  16. Hello sir, I have procured a 1000 rs note with a misprint, a part of the front of the note being printed on the back, please reply as I want to show it to you and know it's value

    1. Hello Silverdragon 017, Thank you for visiting my blog. The best place to find out present day values is to visit ebay or similar sites which will give you an assessment of present day average values for error Banknotes.
      As I am not buying or selling Banknotes of any denomination, I am not very good at error note valuations, but I can do some research on your Banknote and try & arrive at a fair value assessment, if you send me the Banknote on my email address.

  17. Sir, I have got 2 1000Rs & 1 20 Rs Notes of 2014.Signed by Raghuram Rajan and plain insert. Is it possible to know their month of release?
    Dr Seema

    1. Hello Dr. Seema,
      Usually, the RBI puts up a Press release on their website giving information regarding the Banknotes and Commemorative coins which are going to be put into circulation and the dates/months of their release.

  18. Have a bimal jalan 1000 rs note having series 5am 666668 plain inset. is that of any value. Should I just return it to the bank.

  19. Helli Hrishi,
    You could check up on a site like ebay to know about present day assessment of your Banknote, before you consider returning it to a Bank before due date.. Usually, the Banknotes which command a premium are in mint condition, without any bends or folds.